I got a new Mac, now what?

So you just got a new Mac computer, what are the first things you should do after unboxing and relishing in that new computer smell? Here are some of the basics you should do before you even connect to your social life …

Create a Non-Admin Account

Yes you have your main account that you want to use, why should you create another one? Well, to keep your computer secure of course. Think about this, the default user you created or have been using has full admin access on your computer; by creating a Standard Account you will be running with more restrictions should you get hacked or infected there will only be so much that can be done to your computer.

If you do need to do admin work, you will get a prompt in which you can enter your admin account credentials. While this will involve extra steps, it will not only limit the damage that can be done to your machine but will hopefully make you think about what you are doing to your computer.

  • Launch System Preferences
  • Select Users and Groups
  • Click the padlock and enter your password
  • Click the + icon
  • Choose the type of account you want to use
    • Standard for most cases
    • Managed with Parental Controls for Children
  • Fill in the rest of the information
  • Click Create User

FileVault

FileVault encrypts data on your drive. Loosing your password and recovery key will result in loss of all your data.

  • Launch System Preferences
  • Select Security & Privacy
  • Click on the FileVault tab
  • Click Turn On FileVault

Enable your Firewall

I find it sad that Apple took the time to design a built-in Firewall then decided not to turn it on by default. To turn it on, all you have to do is:

  • Open System Preferences
  • Select Security & Privacy
  • Click on the Firewall tab
  • Click Turn On Firewall

Update your OS

  • Launch App Store
  • Select the Updates tab (you will see all available updates for your operating system and any pre-installed apps)
  • Click Update All

AntiVirus (AV)

I know you’ve heard that Macs don’t get virus. It’s a truck load of crap, they do but because Macs had a small share of the market they were not as widespread; Now that Macs are gaining traction in the market, attacks are becoming more mainstream. No OS is safe and secure, not even Linux … OS X and Linux are safer than Windows but they are not bullet proof.

I use Avast, it’s free and one of the better ones out there. Now it’s not the only one and people have their own personal choice so feel free to choose another one. The “It’s free so it must not be good” is not true with Avast but if you feel safer by paying then feel free to hit up Norton or your favorite paid AV.

Choose Secure Passwords

This is a huge one for us, read our article on creating secure passwords.

Turn on Night Shift

This in an eye saver in the real life way. Blue light affects your sleep patterns and intern your health. I’m happy that Apple finally got smart on this. Night Shift basically turns your display warmer shades depending on your choosing.

I would suggest doing this at night in the location that you normally use your computer to ensure that you adjust the warmth to what’s comfortable for you.

  • Open System Preferences
  • Click Displays
  • Click Night Shift tab
  • Select Sunset to Sunrise from the Schedule dropdown
  • Move the slider to a warmth level that suits you, I have mine all the way up.

Learn to use your keyboard like a power user

Keyboard Symbols

Modifier key
Symbol

Command

Command symbol

Shift

Shift symbol

Option

Option symbol

Control

Control symbol

Return

Return symbol

Delete

Delete symbol

Forward Delete

Forward delete symbol

Up Arrow

Up Arrow symbol

Down Arrow

Down Arrow symbol

Left Arrow

Left Arrow symbol

Right Arrow

Right Arrow symbol

Page Up

Page Up symbol

Page Down

Page Down symbol

Top (Home)

Top symbol

End

End symbol

Tab Right

Tab Right symbol

Tab Left

Tab Left symbol

Escape (Esc)

Escape symbol

Common Shortcuts

Shortcut Description
Command-X Cut the selected item and copy it to the Clipboard.
Command-C Copy the selected item to the Clipboard. This also works for files in the Finder.
Command-V Paste the contents of the Clipboard into the current document or app. This also works for files in the Finder.
Command-Z Undo the previous command. You can then press Command-Shift-Z to Redo, reversing the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands.
Command-A Select All items.
Command-F Find items in a document or open a Find window.
Command-G Find Again: Find the next occurrence of the item previously found. To find the previous occurrence, press Command-Shift-G.
Command-H Hide the windows of the front app. To view the front app but hide all other apps, press Command-Option-H.
Command-M Minimize the front window to the Dock. To minimize all windows of the front app, press Command-Option-M.
Command-N New: Open an new document or window.
Command-O Open the selected item, or open a dialog to select a file to open.
Command-P Print the current document.
Command-S Save the current document.
Command-W Close the front window. To close all windows of the app, press Command-Option-W.
Command-Q Quit the app.
Option-Command-Esc Force Quit: Choose an app to force quit. Or press Command-Shift-Option-Esc and hold for 3 seconds to force just the front app to quit.
Command–Space bar Spotlight: Show or hide the Spotlight search field. To perform a Spotlight search from a Finder window, press Command–Option–Space bar. If you use multiple input sources to type in different languages, these shortcuts change input sources instead of showing Spotlight.
Space bar Quick Look: Use Quick Look to preview the selected item.
Command-Tab Switch apps: Switch to the next most recently used app among your open apps.
Shift-Command-Tilde (~) Switch windows: Switch to the next most recently used window of the front app.
Shift-Command-3 Screenshot: Take a screenshot of the entire screen.
Command-Comma (,) Preferences: Open preferences for the front app.

Power Shortcuts

Shortcut Description
Power button Press to turn on your Mac or wake your Mac from sleep.

Press and hold for 1.5 seconds while your Mac is awake to display a dialog asking if you want to sleep, restart, or shut down. If you don’t want to wait 1.5 seconds, press Control–Power button or Control–Media Eject  .*

Press and hold for 5 seconds to force your Mac to turn off.

Control–Command–Power button Force your Mac to restart.*
Control–Shift–Power button or
Control–Shift–Media Eject 
Put your displays to sleep.*
Control–Command–Media Eject  Quit all apps, then restart your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you’ll be asked whether you want to save them.*
Control–Option–Command–Power button or
Control–Option–Command–Media Eject 
Quit all apps, then shut down your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you’ll be asked whether you want to save them.*
Shift-Command-Q Log out of your macOS user account. You’ll be asked to confirm.
Option-Shift-Command-Q Log out of your macOS user account immediately, without being asked to confirm.

*Doesn’t apply to keyboards that have a Touch Bar.

Typing emoji and other symbols

  • Click the place in your document or message where you want the character to appear.
  • Press Control–Command–Space bar. The Character Viewer pop-up window appears
  • Use the search box or click view button to expand the character window.
  • When you find the character you want, click it to insert it into your text.

Type accented characters

Simply hold a key down until its alternate characters are displayed.

To choose one of the characters displayed, type the number that appears under the character, or click the character you want to use. If you decide you don’t want to type an accented character after holding a key, type another character, or press the escape (esc) key.

If no additional characters are available for the key you’re holding, the pop-over menu doesn’t appear. The menu also doesn’t appear when the Key Repeat slider is set to Off in the Keyboard pane of System Preferences.


Now that we have those down, go on and enjoy your new Mac all secure and like a power user. Have something to add to this list? Drop us a line in the comments, share with us what you do after you unbox your Mac.

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Linux Lite on older CPUs with PAE

On machines with older Pentium M ™ and Celeron M ™ processors, there is an extra requirement to get Linux installed, I’ve encountered this mainly with Linux Lite as that is the OS of choice I use for older systems.

Important: This only works if your installation is failing with this error kernel requires features not present on the CPU: PAE

Continue reading Linux Lite on older CPUs with PAE

Net Interface not loaded in Debian

I had to build out a Debian server for a project I was working on at home and my internet went down just as I started the build, deciding not to wait until it came back up; I went ahead with the build and finish the configs, upgrades and whatever else would be needed once the interwebs started working again.

The major issue I had was that networking was not able to be configured due to no connection found, that in turn left my software config to use the install media alone. Continue reading Net Interface not loaded in Debian

Completely Uninstall Office 2016 for Mac

Important:

To completely uninstall Office 2016 for Mac you must remove the applications, supporting files, and keychain entries, plus any icons you’ve added to the Dock. Once you’ve removed everything, empty the Trash and restart your Mac to complete the process.

You must be signed in as an administrator or provide an administrator name and password to complete these steps.

There are several things to remove. This article steps you through each one.

Continue reading Completely Uninstall Office 2016 for Mac

Identify your iPod model

iPod touch (6th generation)

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 16, 32, 64, 128 GB
Model number: A1574

iPod touch (5th generation)

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 16, 32, and 64 GB
Model numbers: A1509, A1421

iPod touch (5th generation 16 GB, Mid 2013)

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 16 GB
Model number: A1509

iPod touch (4th generation)

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 8, 16, 32, and 64 GB
Model numbers: A1367

iPod touch (3rd generation)

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 32 and 64 GB
Model number: A1318

iPod touch (2nd generation)

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 8, 16, and 32 GB
Model numbers: A1288, A1319 for China only

iPod touch

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 8, 16, and 32 GB
Model numbers: A1213

iPod nano (7th generation Mid 2015)

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 16 GB
Model number: A1446

iPod nano (7th generation)

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 16 GB
Model number: A1446

iPod nano (6th generation)

Navigation: Multi-Touch display
Capacity: 8 and 16 GB
Model number: A1366

iPod nano (5th generation)

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 8 and 16 GB
Model number: A1320

iPod nano (4th generation)

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 8 and 16 GB
Model number: A1285

iPod nano (3rd generation)

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 4 and 8 GB
Model number: A1236

iPod nano (2nd generation)

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 2, 4, and 8 GB
Model number: A1199

iPod nano

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 1, 2, and 4 GB
Model numbers: A1137

iPod shuffle (4th generation Mid 2015)

Navigation: Control Pad
Capacity: 2 GB
Model number: A1373

iPod shuffle (4th generation Late 2012)

Navigation: Control Pad
Capacity: 2 GB
Model number: A1373

iPod shuffle (4th generation)

Navigation: Control Pad
Capacity: 2 GB
Model number: A1373

iPod shuffle (3rd generation Late 2009)

Navigation: Apple Earphones with Remote
Capacity: 2 and 4 GB
Model number: A1271

iPod shuffle (3rd generation)

Navigation: Apple Earphones with Remote
Capacity: 4 GB
Model number: A1271

iPod shuffle (2nd generation)

Navigation: Control Pad
Capacity: 1 and 2 GB
Model numbers: A1204

iPod shuffle

Navigation: Control Pad
Capacity: 512 MB and 1 GB
Model number: A1112

iPod mini (2nd generation)

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 4 and 6 GB
Model number: A1051

iPod mini

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 4 GB
Model number: A1051

iPod classic 160 GB (Late 2009)

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 160 GB
Model number: A1238

iPod classic (120 GB)

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 120 GB
Model number: A1238

iPod classic

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 80 and 160 GB
Model number: A1238

iPod (5th generation Late 2006) – also known as iPod with video or Fifth Generation iPod

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 30 and 80 GB
Model number: A1238

iPod (5th generation) – also known as iPod with video or Fifth Generation iPod

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 30 and 60 GB
Model number: A1238

iPod Special Edition U2

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 20 and 30 GB
Model numbers: A1136, A1099, A1059

iPod with color display

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 20 and 60 GB
Model number: A1099

iPod photo (also known as iPod with color display)

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 30, 40, and 60 GB
Model numbers: A1099

iPod (Click Wheel)

Navigation: Click Wheel
Capacity: 20 and 40 GB
Model number: A1059

iPod (Dock Connector)

Navigation: Touch Wheel
Capacity: 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 GB
Model numbers: A1040

iPod (Touch Wheel)

Navigation: Touch Wheel
Capacity: 10 and 20 GB
Model number: A1019

iPod (Scroll Wheel)

Navigation: Scroll Wheel
Capacity: 5 and 10 GB
Model numbers: M8541

How to Identify Your iPhone Model

iPhone 7

Year introduced: 2016
Capacity: 32, 128, 256 GB
Colors: Black, jet black, gold, rose gold, silver, (PRODUCT)RED
Model number on the back cover: A1660, A1778, A1779 (Japan*)

iPhone 7 Plus

Year introduced: 2016
Capacity: 32, 128, 256 GB
Colors: Black, jet black, gold, rose gold, silver, (PRODUCT)RED
Model number on the back cover: A1661, A1784, A1785 (Japan*)

iPhone 6s

Year introduced: 2015
Capacity: 16, 32, 64, 128 GB
Colors: Space gray, silver, gold, rose gold
Model number on the back cover: A1633, A1688, A1700

iPhone 6s Plus

Year introduced: 2015
Capacity: 16, 32, 64, 128 GB
Colors: Space gray, silver, gold, rose gold
Model number on the back cover: A1634, A1687, A1699

iPhone 6

Year introduced: 2014
Capacity: 16, 32, 64, 128 GB
Colors: Space gray, silver, gold
Model number on the back cover: A1549, A1586, A1589

iPhone 6 Plus

Year introduced: 2014
Capacity: 16, 64, 128 GB
Colors: Space gray, silver, gold
Model number on the back cover: A1522, A1524, A1593

iPhone SE

Year introduced: 2016
Capacity: 16, 32, 64, 128 GB
Colors: Space gray, silver, gold, rose gold
Model number on the back cover: A1723, A1662, A1724

iPhone 5s

Year introduced: 2013
Capacity: 16, 32, 64 GB
Colors: Space gray, silver, gold
Model number on the back cover: A1453, A1457, A1518, A1528,
A1530, A1533

iPhone 5c

Year introduced: 2013
Capacity: 8, 16, 32 GB
Colors: White, blue, pink, green, yellow
Model number on the back cover: A1456, A1507, A1516, A1529, A1532

iPhone 5

Year introduced: 2012
Capacity: 16, 32, 64 GB
Colors: Black and white
Model number on the back cover: A1428, A1429, A1442

iPhone 4s

Year introduced: 2011
Capacity: 8, 16, 32, 64 GB
Colors: Black and white
Model number on the back cover: A1431, A1387

iPhone 4

Year introduced: 2010 (GSM), 2011 (CDMA)
Capacity: 8, 16, 32 GB
Colors: Black and white
Model number on the back cover: A1349, A1332

iPhone 3GS

Year introduced: 2009
Capacity: 8, 16, 32 GB
Colors: Black and white
Model number on the back cover: A1325, A1303

iPhone 3G

Year introduced: 2008, 2009 (China)
Capacity: 8, 16 GB
Model number on the back cover: A1324, A1241

iPhone

Year introduced: 2007
Capacity: 4, 8, 16 GB
The model number on the back case is A1203.

macOS 10.13 High Sierra Public Beta

macOS Public Beta is now active, however; there are many articles out there telling users how to signup then leaving them short of getting the actual update.

I have been checking for days now and the update would not show up.. So I dug around and found the installer.
Continue reading macOS 10.13 High Sierra Public Beta