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What to do after installing Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

I never use anything but LTS if and when I put Ubuntu on my machines so I will not cover 15.10 or 16.10. These are some of the things to do right after installing Ubuntu on your computer.

Important:
This is not an exhaustive list nor is it the only things to do. If you have anything to add, please leave a comment below.

Most of these steps will be terminal based so start up a terminal. Press the super key (the Key Formerly Known as the Windows Key) to bring up the Unity dash. Then, type in terminal and choose the icon for the terminal program.

Install Vim

Vim is my favorite editor and I will be using it to edit files for this process

sudo apt-get install vim

Update apt-sources file

Make sure your apt-file is correct, first backing up by running:

sudo mv /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak

Now edit the file by running the following:

sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list

and paste the following in the file:

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------#
#                            OFFICIAL UBUNTU REPOS                             #
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------#


###### Ubuntu Main Repos
deb http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse 

###### Ubuntu Update Repos
deb http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse 
deb http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse 
deb http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse 
deb http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://01.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse 

###### Ubuntu Partner Repo
deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu xenial partner
deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu xenial partner

Updates and Upgrades

In your terminal run the following to check for and install general updates:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade -y

next run the following to check for and install distro specific update:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade -y

Install Unity Tweak Tool

Unity Tweak Tool allows you to change things that Canonical keeps hidden.

sudo apt install unity-tweak-tool

Move the Unity launcher to the bottom of the screen

I prefer to have the Unity launcher at the bottom, if you’d like that; run the following command:

gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Bottom

To put it back to the left run the follwoing:

gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Left

Show your username on the top panel

gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.session show-real-name-on-panel true

Install Firefwall and Antivirus

While Linux is the safest OS around, I still prefer to be safe.

sudo apt-get install gufw
sudo apt-get install clamtk

Install Adobe Flash

sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer

Install Java

sudo apt-get install icedtea-8-plugin openjdk-8-jre

Install Restricted Extras

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

Install Compression/Decompression Tools

sudo apt-get install p7zip-rar p7zip-full unace unrar zip unzip sharutils rar uudeview mpack arj cabextract file-roller

Install Chromium browser

sudo apt install chromium-browser

Same as Chrome, but open source with no Google branding, Chrome actually is based on Chromium code

Install Steam

Steam is a famous online game store, developed by Valve

sudo apt install steam

Disable Guest Session

sudo sh -c "echo 'allow-guest=false' >> /usr/share/lightdm/lightdm.conf.d/50-ubuntu.conf"

Uninstall Unity-web-apps

In the video below, Richard Stallman explains why this step is very important and why I don’t primarily run Ubuntu on my machines.

sudo apt-get purge unity-webapps-common 
sudo apt-get update

We will be adding more items as I test out new settings and apps or features to install and run.

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